If your beloved pet has been declared diabetic, you are likely seeking out information on diabetic cat care. The condition is not a death sentence, in spite fears, in either cats or humans. It can be managed. How it is managed depends on the form of diabetes that the cat has. Most cats get type I diabetes, meaning they need injections and monitoring of their blood sugar levels. As many as seventy percent of the cases are this type. Type II diabetes, however, can be controlled with diet, exercise and oral drugs.
Because most cats suffer from type I diabetes, the majority of information out there is on treating this form through proper diabetic cat care. Because type I needs injections, given once or twice a day, a clockwork intervals, it is important that both owner and cat learn to do things on a timetable that works with this. Injections are done with a small needle and usually do not bother the cat at all. A diabetic cat needs to have his or her glucose levels in the blood checked frequently and the dosage of insulin adjusted in order to ensure the right amount of insulin is administered. Also, it is important to have Karo syrup handy in case too much insulin is given because applying this to the cat’s gums can help correct the situation quickly.
Be aware that proper diabetic cat care means making changes in the cat’s diet to one that is high in protein and low in carbohydrates. The owner needs to watch water consumption for signs of abnormal amounts being consumed as this might indicate that insulin levels need to be adjusted. Having a blood glucose meter for your cat and learning to use it can be very helpful in making adjustments to the insulin doses. Using one of the newer models that uses very little blood will make the process much easier. You can also use urine tests for blood sugar, although these are not as effective or timely as blood testing.
You should be prepared to cultivate a good working relationship with your vet as part of a diabetic cat care plan. The long term care of your cat and determining the proper dosage of insulin can take months to get right. Having good communication with your vet can make this process much easier. Ask your vet for advice on insulin types, and look for what is common in your area. Cats can use human insulin and many do, but there are special products out there if the cat does not respond well to those products.
One special tool that can be created as part of your diabetic cat care plan is a blood glucose curve. By plotting on a graph the levels of glucose at 2 to 4 hour intervals over 12 to 16 hours. Having this type of curve can help assist in pegging dosages or resistance where insulin is concerned and is vital to proper regulation of the disease.